What are ketones?
A compound with a carbonyl group (O=C) linked to two other carbon atoms in the chemical compound. The C=O is found somewhere in the middle of the chain (not the end). Three carbons are needed to form a ketone.
changing the suffix -e of the parent alkane to -one
Propanone is normally written CH3COCH3. Notice the need for numbering in the longer ketones. In pentanone, the carbonyl group could be in the middle of the chain or next to the end - giving either pentan-3-one (3-pentanone) or pentan-2-one (2-pentanone).
Examples- to see the names highlight name to left of structure
Ketones can be created by oxidation of secondary alcohols. The process requires a strong oxidizing agent.
H3C-CH(OH)-CH3 + ox. agent→ H3C-CO-CH3
on to Ethers
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