ESTERFICATION-is the general name for a chemical reaction in which two chemicals (typically an acid and an alcohol) form an ester as the reaction product (water).
carboxylic acid and an alcohol react, a water molecule is removed, and an ester
molecule is formed.
Example- acetic acid and ethanol react to form ethyl ethanoate and water
H3C-COOH + HO-CH2-CH3 → H3C-COO-CH2-CH3 + H2O